What does an Ethical Hacker’s work cover
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The act of getting unauthorized access to a computer system and utilizing it for malicious purposes is known as hacking. The hacker may remove system files and steal crucial information after gaining access to a system. Hacking without permission is unlawful; however, hacking with permission is classified as Ethical Hacking
and is used to identify flaws in a computer system. Reputable software businesses frequently hire ethical hackers to get into their systems/servers and uncover vulnerabilities and weak endpoints to be addressed.
Every software firm, especially the well-known ones, follows this procedure to protect themselves from legitimate hackers with harmful intent.
It is vital to note that hacking into any system without permission and similar activities are regarded as significant cybercrimes that can result in severe penalties for the perpetrator. People who are found guilty of unethical hacking or any other form of cybercrime face years in prison.
What is the definition of ethical hacking?
The hacker must follow the following rules when hacking a computer system ethically:
Ethical Hacker Eligibility
- Permission to investigate the network and look for any security threats in writing.
- A hacker must respect the privacy of the individual or company when undertaking hacking or related operations.
- The hacker must not leave anything open for someone else to exploit after completing their task.
- An ethical hacker must notify software developers or hardware manufacturers of any security vulnerabilities in their software or hardware before beginning the hacking.
A Bachelor's degree (BSc, BTech, BE, BCA) in Information Technology or Computer Science is required to become an Ethical hacker
. Candidates with a master's degree in network security can pursue ethical hacking as a vocation. A certification from a reputable institute increases the likelihood of being hired by some of the biggest brands in the IT industry. The following is a list of international certifications:
Career Opportunities in Ethical Hacking
- Ethical Hacker Certification (EC-Council)
- Certified Forensic Hacker Investigator (EC-Council)
- SAN's GIAC Certified Penetration Tester (GPEN) and GIAC Certified Intrusion Analyst (GCIA) certifications can help you advance your career.
- Technical abilities are essential.
- Experienced in the field of network security.
- Working understanding of a variety of operating systems is required.
- A thorough understanding of Microsoft and Linux servers, Cisco network switches, virtualization, Citrix, and Microsoft Exchange is required.
Increasing computer hacking incidents have compelled well-known firms, financial institutions, and government agencies to hire ethical hackers. Ethical hackers assist these businesses in identifying weaknesses and potential security breaches in their computer systems and defending them against any prospective threats. As a result, Ethical Hacking as a profession has bright possibilities shortly.
According to an International Data Corp report, there is a global demand for over 60,000 information security personnel. In India alone, the number is predicted to increase by approximately 77,000 in the next few years, with a global increase of 188,000.
What are the responsibilities of ethical hackers?
Ethical hackers can assist organizations in a variety of ways, including:
Vulnerabilities discovery Ethical hackers assist businesses in determining which of their IT security procedures are effective, which need to be updated and include exploitable holes. When ethical hackers have completed their evaluation of an organization's networks, they inform company management of any susceptible areas, such as a lack of adequate password encryption, insecure apps, or exposed systems running unpatched software. The results of these tests can help organizations make informed decisions about where and how to improve their security posture.
Cybercriminals' tactics are demonstrated. These examples demonstrate to executives how bad actors could access their networks and wreak havoc on their organizations using hacking techniques. Companies that have a thorough understanding of the tactics used by attackers to gain access to their systems are better prepared to avoid intrusions.
They are assisting in preparation for a cyber assault. Cyber attacks can cripple or ruin a company, particularly a small one, but most businesses are still unprepared for them. Ethical hackers are familiar with how threat actors operate and exploit new knowledge and ways to attack systems.
Penetration testing vs. ethical hacking
Although the terms pen testing and ethical hacking are frequently used interchangeably, there is a considerable distinction between the two responsibilities. To improve IT security, many companies will employ both ethical hackers and pen testers.
Ethical hackers analyze IT systems regularly
to seek holes and remain on top of ransomware and new computer infections. Pen tests are frequently used as part of their job as part of an overall IT security evaluation.
Pen testers aim to achieve many of the same objectives as penetration testers; however, their job is usually done on a set timeline. Pen testing focuses on individual components of a network rather than overall security.
For example, the person performing the pen testing may have restricted access to the systems being tested and only for the test period.
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