Know the works of an Ethical Hacker
Last Updated : 25 Nov, 2021
Know the works of an Ethical Hacker
Table of Contents
The Internet, which began 40 years ago, is a global system of interconnected computer networks. The internet and computer networks have been overgrown in recent years. Following its evolution, the Internet has expanded its roots outside the United States, with social media users in India reaching 226 million. The internet was created to share research over computer networks. Still, as time has passed, the internet has evolved to carry many information resources from one network to another. Email, the World Wide Web, hypertext documents, file sharing, E-commerce, and other information resources and services are examples.
In addition to its sound effects, the internet has had specific detrimental effects on society. For example, similar to crimes seen in the real world, the internet has witnessed crimes that infringe on a person’s rights. Cybercrime is defined as any crime involving a computer or network; examples of cybercrime include hacking, pornography, cyberwarfare, sextortion, and copyright infringement.
Let’s Discuss ethical hacking and its major implications
With the progress of technology and social contact in virtual space, an individual’s personal information has grown more susceptible due to increased internet use. Hacking occurs when a cybercriminal gains access to a person’s information without the victim’s permission.
As A Guardian, A Hacker?
Any qualified computer professional who uses their technical knowledge to solve a technical flaw or problem is a hacker. Crackers are hackers who have evil intent. The word hacker comes from “lusty laborers,” who plowed fields with tenacious and harsh hoe swings.
Hacker and its variations
Depending on the motives or motivations behind their activities, hackers can be good or destructive. Some hackers break into a system out of curiosity. In contrast, others have a valid reason or have been permitted by legitimate officials, while still others have been designated to secure vulnerable data. Hackers fall into one of the following categories, which are described below:
Black Hat Hacker
A black hat hacker, also known as a cracker, has a good understanding of computer networking, network protocols, and system administration; yet, these hackers are a source of cybercrime because they hack networks for bad motives.
White hat hacker
A white-hat hacker is the polar opposite of a black hat hacker; these hackers have the same expertise as black hat hackers, but they utilize it ethically and are network security professionals, earning them the moniker ethical hackers.
Grey Hat Hacker
A gray hat hacker is someone who falls among a black hat and a white-hat hacker; the grey hat hacker discloses the community system’s weaknesses and they’ll provide offerings to close the gaps for a fee.
An amateur hacker who uses hacking tools written by another hacker to break into a system is known as Script Kiddle.
A hacktivist is a hacker who is driven by politics. He is similar to all other hackers, but his goal is to attract public attention to a political issue.
Phreaker is a telecom network hacker who unlawfully accesses the telephone infrastructure.
What is the process of ethical hacking?
Because ethical hacking is likely to be done with the victim’s or targeted system’s permission, ethical hacking is the only way to combat black hat hacking. The techniques used in penetration are designed to mimic actual attacks without causing any damage and to protect the organization or individual from cyber attacks. After learning how attackers operate, network administrators, engineers, and security professionals simulate a high-security environment to execute a penetration test. It’s crucial to understand what the victim is searching for to make the testing simple and effective.
The following are the steps involved in penetrating tests:
It is necessary to establish ground rules to set expectations, identify the parties involved, and obtain formal authorization or an agreement of access, commonly referred to as a Statement of Work in the United States.
- Passive Scanning: amassing statistics approximately the goal with out the goal’s understanding, also referred to as Open supply Intelligence, from social networking web sites, online databases, and different sources.
- Active Scanning and Enumeration: Scanning the target’s public exposure with investigative instruments.
- Fingerprinting: Analyzing target computers to determine the operating system, applications, and patch level open ports, user accounts, and so on.
- Choosing a target system to work with.
- Exploiting the vulnerabilities that have been discovered: using the necessary tools to target the suspected exposures.
- Increasing security context: increase the security context so that the ethical hacker has greater control, such as getting root or administrative rights or exploiting broken passwords for illicit access.
- Documentation and reporting: A file should be kept for each approach or tool used, as well as vulnerabilities exploited and other information.
In India, laws such as the IPC lack provisions regarding hacking and his intent. Because it deals with the interference with electronic evidence, the Cr.P.C. lacks rules that allow police to conduct investigations with the assistance of ethical hackers. Once someone gains access to electronic evidence, it may lose its legitimacy due to its delicate nature.
As time and technology advance, so will cybercrimes, and black hat hackers cannot be confronted unless white hat hackers are separated from them and given proper identification.
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